Industrial cases

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The term "Industrial Case" is used to gather the diversity of a research projects carried out in a given company. While "Case" refers to the specific research topic, the term "Industrial" refers to the fact that the researcher carrying out the "Case" is actually placed in an Industrial position in a real company.

Below sections describes shortly each industrial case.

GN ReSound - Project Title

GN ReSound

GN ReSound is one of the World’s largest providers of hearing aids and diagnostic audiological instrumentation, represented in more than 80 countries. Headquartered in Ballerup, Denmark, GN ReSound is part of GN Store Nord. ReSound was founded by Dr. Rodney Perkins of Stanford University.


GN ReSound A/S has a long history with origin back to 1943 under the company name Danavox.

Year Milestone
1943 Gerd Rosenstand founds Danavox.
1947 Danavox introduces its first hearing aid.
1977 GN Store Nord acquires Danavox and later renames it GN Danavox.
1984 Rodney Perkins founds ReSound Corporation.
1989 Wide Dynamic Range Compression (WDRC) is introduced, breaking new ground for sound processing.
1992 GN Danavox introduces the first comercially available hearing aid to use digital sound processing.
1994 ReSound Corporation acquires Viennatone.
1996 GN Danavox and ReSound form a strategic allicance, resulting in the world's first software-based digital hearing aids.
1999 GN ReSound acquires Danplex, which had previously been acquired by Rastronics.
1999 GN Danavox's parent company, GN Store Nord, purchases all outstanding shares of ReSound and ReSound becomes part of the GN ReSound Group.
2003 ReSound Air is introduced, providing top sound quality without blocking the ear canal for the very first time.
2008 dot by ReSound, then the world's smallest hearing aid, represents a radical improvement in both size and performance.
2008 be by ReSound, the first hearing aid in the new Remote Microphone (RM) category, is introduced.
2009 ReSound revolutionizes the concept of directionality - with no trade-off between optimal audibility and sound quality and comfort - when introducing Surround Sound by ReSound. Surround Sound by ReSound powers an entirely new product portfolio in the form of ReSound Live, dot² by ReSound, ReSound Alera, ReSound Alera TS and ReSound Vea.
2010 Launch of ReSound Alera, a smart, robust hearing aid, using the powerful 2.4 GHz wireless technology, enabling it to connect to the wireless accessory family, ReSound Unite, and ReSound Airlink, used for wireless fitting. ReSound Alera is also the first hearing aid built on the ReSound Range chip and hereby using it's extraordinary processing power, enabling Alera to offer an improved Surround Sound by Resound.
2014 ReSound LiNX™, the world's first Made for iPhone® hearing aid, is the result of collaboration and integration of mainstream technologies, representing a new era of connectivity for hearing aid wearers


Below is an incomplete of technologies used by GN ReSound. Furthermore, the list is limited to technologies within the field of embedded systems.

  • 2.4 GHz wireless technology
  • Integrated Circuit Manufacturing
  • Audio processing technology and Acoustics
  • Digital Signal Processing
  • Embedded Software

Approach for Development of Embedded Systems

GN ReSound is a large company with offices world wide and products ranging from highly standardized products to products with a high degree of customization. The majority of hardware and software comprising a hearing aid is highly embedded and subject to medical approvals. These facts causes a traditional waterfall development model to be the preferred way of development.

GN ReSound has succeeded using the traditional waterfall development approach while at the same time offering products with a high degree of technology. GN ReSounds internal processes are refined to fit their needs with respect to approvals and certifications, while at the same time ensures adequate maneuvering space to safely introduce new technology and products to the marked at an acceptable effort with respect to both budget and Time To Market.

The Project

The GN Resound Case attempts to develop a test-driven, model-based systems engineering framework that allow the company to handle increasing system complexity.

MAN Diesel & Turbo - Project title

MAN Diesel & Turbo

MAN Diesel & Turbo is a subsidiaries of the MAN group focusing on power engineering, and is the world’s leading provider of large-bore diesel engines and turbo machinery for marine and stationary applications. The Danish filial of MDT in Copenhagen is the centre of all development of two-stroke main propulsion diesel engine technology within MAN Diesel & Turbo SE. Part of the offices expertise originates from the danish shipyard Burmerister & Wain with 150 years of experience building and developing diesel engine, which was acquired by MAN AG(SE) in 1979. Today MAN Diesel & Turbo has developed an engine program ranging in power rating from 2 MW to almost 100.000 MW, including more than 60 different engine types with bore sizes between 260 mm and 980 mm. MDT has a current market share of more than 50% in the segment. Worldwide more than 13.000 MAN Diesel two-stroke engines are in service with a total installed power of approx. 165 GW. The company employs around 15,000 staff at more than 100 international sites. The head office is situated in Augsburg, Germany.


MAN started its business in the preindustrialisation years and dates its origin back to 1758 when St. Antony ironworks was founded.

Year Milestone
1758 "St. Antony" ironworks commences operation in Oberhausen as the first heavy-industry enterprise in the region
1814 Delivery of the first steam engine
1839 Delivery of the first locomotive
1893-1897 Rudolf Diesel and M.A.N. engineers developed the first diesel engine at the Augsburg premises
1865 (B&W) Burmeister & Wain in founded in Copenhagen
1924 First diesel engine truck with direct fuel injection plus the first low-frame omnibus
1930 (B&W) The first B&W two-stroke diesel engine set off to sea
1933 (B&W) The world's largest diesel engine at the time was delivered in 1933 to H. C. Ørsted Power Station
1950 First supercharged diesel engine, 46% efficiency ratio
1952 (B&W) The first turbocharged two-stroke diesel engine was commissioned
1979 MAN acquires the danish Burmeister & Wain and forms MAN B&W Diesel, later MAN Diesel
1982 First heavy, two-stroke diesel engine with an efficiency ratio of over 50%
1997 The world´s first 10-stage geared compressor; 100th ARIANE flight; first CSP plant in Europe
2002 The electronic controlled "ME" two-stroke diesel engine is developed
2010 MAN Diesel and MAN Turbo merge to become MAN Diesel & Turbo
2011 - 2012 Volkswagen AG acquired a 55.9% voting stake in MAN SE, and increased its share to 75.03 in 2012


Below is an incomplete list of utilized technologies. The list is limited to technologies within the field of embedded systems.

  • Embedded Software
  • Embedded Hardware
  • Control System design
  • Diesel Engine Dynamics

Approach for Development of Embedded Systems

MAN Diesel & Turbo is a division of MAN SE an is in many ways a special branch of the company. MAN Diesel & Turbo and MAN Truck shares the product headline of "Engine Technology" while subject to separate certification and environmental requirements, customer segments and use cases.

While sharing many interests within the big organization, MAN Diesel & Turbo develops their own control systems for maritime use and is subject to marine classification requirements. The overall approach for product development and project management follows a well defined processes and is mostly characterized by a stringent workflow. Dedicated teams develops core functionality compromising a solid control platform suitable for per-order customization. MAN Diesel & Turbo tends to approach the development phase in a agile manner, while adopting the overall development process where applicable in their segment.

Marine certification requirements and the diversity of requirements among locations at sea, enforces well-defines processes regarding function safety in development of hardware/software as well as selection of subcontractors.

Orders are typically of a tidy amount of money, and testing, verification and validation before shipping is a must. Thus model based simulation has been utilized by MAN within thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, control system design etc. to minimize the development cost and increase time-to-marked.

The Project

The MAN Case aims at utilizing and develop methods for high level architecture simulations. The case focuses atbehavioral simulation of distributed embedded control units and their intercommunication as well as stimuli from environment models.

Seluxit - Project title


Seluxit is a relative new and fast growing with focus on smart home technology. Seluxit consists of a team of specialized hard- and software developers with a keen understanding of embedded and wireless technology. The company is involved in various projects in the area of smart living, home automation and energy efficient building control systems.


Seluxit started business in 2007 and has since been involved in several EU projects and standardization work within the field of home automation.

Year Milestone
2007 First version of Z-Wave internet gateway for the Danish energy saving’s trust.
2008 Communication standard for the Smart Home published.
2009 Ventilation system for Duco.
2010 Cooperation with Secure group.
2011 Encourage EU project started, Danish Gazelle award.
2012 Intrepid EU project started.


Below is an incomplete list of utilized technologies. The list is limited to technologies within the field of embedded systems.

  • Embedded Software
  • Embedded Hardware
  • Wireless Technology

Approach for Development of Embedded Systems

Seluxit tends to develop their embedded systems using a very agile approach. Their business area and small teams allows them to have loosely defined processes and allows for fast reconfiguration of both organization and workflows.

The Project

The Seluxit Case attempts to derive a generic approach to analyse and prevent unwanted feature interaction in between systems and components in system-of-systems.

Terma - Project title


Terma’s headquarters is located in Lystrup near Aarhus, Denmark. In Denmark, other Terma facilities are located at Grenaa and Herlev. Terma maintains international subsidiaries and operations in The Netherlands, Germany, Singapore, India, and the wholly owned U.S. subsidiary Terma North America Inc. headquartered in Arlington, VA.


Terma A/S was founded in 1949 in Aarhus, Denmark by the brothers Orla and Svend Aage Jørgensen. The original small mechanical shop founded in 1944 manufactured gas cylinders and autoclaves as well as thermometers and manometers - inspiring the name Terma.

Year Milestone
1944 Terma is founded
1950s Terma starts a wide range of large-scale projects for overhaul and upgrade of radars, computer systems, and air defense systems for the Danish Armed Forces.
1961 Terma commences development of the first Doppler radar to measure the velocity of the Sidewinder.
1969 The SeaSparrow development and production program is initiated.
1970s With the purchase of the F-16 fighter aircraft by four European countries, Terma gains a break-through in co-production of advanced aircraft electronics.
1980 The Thomas B. Thrige Foundation takes over the majority of the stocks in Terma A/S.
1980s With the Royal Danish Air Force, Terma develops a new concept for self-protection systems for aircraft and helicopters.
1980s The development of C3 systems for the new Standard Flex 300 Royal Danish Navy vessels is initiated at a new project department in Tåstrup, near Copenhagen.
1996 Terma's Electronic Warfare Management System is approved by the U.S. Air Force for the subsequent installation in more than 1,000 American aircraft.
1999 Successful launch in February, 1999, of the first, all-Danish satellite, Ørsted, to which Terma was the main supplier.
1999 Contract in 1999 with the Royal Australian Air Force to update the F111 fighter aircraft with electronic self-protection equipment.
2000 Cooperation agreements with Boeing, as well as Lockheed Martin regarding supplies for the Joint Strike Fighter aircraft.
2001 Terma changes its name from Terma Elektronik A/S to Terma A/S. Further, Terma gains new logo and graphic design.
2002 Terma's manufacturing facility at Grenaa initiates the design and production of structures for the new Danish multi-role helicopter (EH101).
2002 Agreement with the Royal Danish Navy about a new radar-based system for coastal surveillance, SCANTER 4000.
2003 Teaming agreement with General Dynamics for development and production of aerostructures for the Joint Strike Fighter aircraft.
2003 Terma delivers a new command and control system, C-Flex, for the Royal Danish Navy.
2004 General Dynamics Armament and Technical Products, a business unit of General Dynamics, awards Terma a contract for the design, development, and production of the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter gun pod.
2005 Terma signs a delivery contract with Lockheed Martin to provide the Terma Soft Kill Weapon System (SKWS) air threat decoy to the first U.S. Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS).
2005 Terma is chosen to deliver command and control systems for the Royal Danish Navy's new Ocean Patrol Vessels (OPV).
2006 Terma and Eurofighter sign Co-operation Agreement.
2006 Terma selected by Lockheed Martin to manufacture key components for F-35 JSF.
2006 Terma is selected to deliver the primary power supply unit for the European satellite navigation system Galileo and deliver a power supply unit for each of the first four satellites.
2007 Terma commences sub-assemblies for the first two F-35 production aircraft. The authorization represents the first F-35 contract awarded to Terma under a long-term agreement with Northrop Grumman. The composite components and aircraft access doors will be used in the F-35 center fuselage.
2007 Terma is tasked with delivery of SCANTER 2001 radar systems for the French FREMM frigate program comprising 17 new frigates.
2008 Terma agrees with the Danish Defence Acquisition and Logistics Organization on production and delivery of 3-D Audio and Active Noise Reduction for the Danish F-16s.
2008 Terma is contracted to supply an Emergency Air Situation Display System to the Irish Aviation Authority for their Air Traffic Control Center in Dublin and Shannon.
2009 Terma introduced the new SCANTER 6000 Naval Surveillance Radar System which is tailored for navies, coast guards, and other high-requirement authorities. 
2009 Lockheed Martin, BAE Systems, and Northrop Grumman Corporation signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Terma. According to this agreement, Terma is designated as a major strategic supplier to the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter program.
2009 The Danish Ørsted satellite celebrates its ten-year space anniversary. Terma was heavily involved in the development and production of the satellite.
2009 Terma celebrates the 25th anniversary of their electronic warfare (EW) business.
2010 Terma receives a contract from the U.S. Air Force for an upgrade of software for F-16 and A-10 self-protection systems.
2011 Terma wins a framework contract with the European Space Operations Centre (ESOC). ESOC is responsible for controlling all ESA satellites and space probes.
2012 Terma entered into a six-year agreement with Northrop Grumman Corporation on 34 different composite parts for the F-35 LRIP 6-11 (Low Rate Initial Production). Depending on the number of aircraft sold, the order will have an aggregate value of 375-500 MDKK.
2012 Terma was contracted to deliver 200 T.react Radio Dispatch user licenses and a five-year service agreement to a new national information system for emergency response centers in Finland.
2013 Terma was announced “AmCham Denmark’s Transatlantic Company of the Year 2013”.
2013 A long-term contract was signed with Lockheed Martin Aeronautics for the manufacture and assembly of the Horizontal Tail Leading Edges for all types of the F-35. The overall agreement has a value of more than USD 95 million.


Below is an incomplete list of technologies utilized by Terma. The list is limited to technologies within the field of embedded systems and near context.

  • Radar technology
  • Space and Defense technology
  • Audio processing technology
  • Electronics
  • Digital Signal Processing
  • Embedded Software

Approach for Development of Embedded Systems

Terma is an international company developing and producing products for both defense and civil purposes, among others highly embedded systems. Products developed by Terma are often integrated into superior systems by customers requiring high quality products for safety critical applications. Thus the overall product development cycle of Terma is based on a well-defined internal stage gate model. Terma tends to be a process-heavy company generating comprehensive documentation as part delivery for each gate.

While the overall development process nearly implies a fully stringent waterfall workflow, each project team working on a given product within Terma are to choose workflow freely within a given stage of development. Typically projects with a high degree of new technology tend to be more explorative and thereby adopt an agile workflow in between two gates. 

The Project

The Terma Case attempts to utilize well-known radar technologies and model based sensor fusion techniques to provide autonomous surveillance with the purpose of Critical Infrastructure Protection.